When the Ottoman Empire adopted the European model in the field of commerce and finance in the first half of 19th century, European banks started to make business in the Empire lands. There was not sufficient accumulation of capital that would permit the establishment of a national banking system then, and there were barely talks of national banks which would serve as fund resources. As there was not a powerful corporate financial structure that investors and farmers could use, they were in constant need of consumer loans.

First attempts to address this problem were taken by Mithat Pasha, the then Governor of Nis in Yugoslavia which was ruled by the Ottomans then. Mithat Pasha emphasized that an organization in the financial area was a must and that a state aid was essential to rescue the farmers from the usurers. However, this aid should be certainly supported by a civil movement. This way, an organization called “National Funds” was created in 1863 with the funds raised by farmers but with the state help and protege under Mithat Pasa’s leading role. It is safe to say that this is the first model of a national banking in Turkey.

1901: A “Mutual Aid Fund” in Cyprus

What Mithat Pasa did in Nis was repeated by Kantarci Kamil Effendi in Cyprus in 1901. Kantarci Kamil Effendi had already observed that the society was in dire need of an economic solidarity and thus proposed that a “mutual aid” fund would be created, a fund that was similar to the tried and proven one in Nis. The then farseeing and philantrophic people founded Nicosia Savings Box under the presidency of Muftu Hacı Hafiz Ziyai Effendi. The Box resolved that it would collect one Schilling from the public as custody every week and would collect and save them under Haci Ibrahim Effendi’s supervision. Those small savings collected from the people started to reach huge amounts. The Box not only helped those who were in dire need for means of living but also supported Turkish tradesmen who were having financial difficulties by lending loans to them.

Nicosia Savings Box completed its fifth year and somehow proven its existence.

1906: New Work Place, New “Fund Trustee”

In 1906, Akacali Raif Effendi was selected as the new fund trustee to replace Haci Ibrahim Effendi at a salary of 3 Cyprus liras a month. The Fund then moved to a new rented shop at Tuccarbasi Bazaar where it would spend 7 years.

1913: Capital Injection...

In 1913, the then available revenues turned out to fall short as the business operations grew and those who were seeking financial support were on the rise. Then a noticeable event took place for the Box, which were seeking new sources of income. Out of the sums donated by Debbag Dervish Effendi to the education fund, a sum of 2,500 Cyprus liras was transferred to the Box

During the ten years after Mr Retmi was elected as the president and Mr. Hulusi as the assistant reporter, the Box overcame several difficulties and maintained its operations. During the same term., the Box moved to a shop across the current Foundations Administration.

1915: Towards a Bank...

Having taking steps toward a bank formation as of 1915, the Box was converted to a limited liability company under the name of The Nicosia Moslem Savings Bank Ltd with a nominal capital of 40.000 Cyprus liras in 1925 in accordance witn the “Limited Liability Companies Code” in Nicosia. Its capital was divided into shares, each one with a value of 5 Cyprus liras, and this capital was registered.

1927: New Staff on Duty...

After Mr Retmi resigned his office in 1927, Pencizade Mr Suphi took over the company’s management and kept the office until 1932. After him it was thpe turn of Mr Behic, who worked for five years. It was during those times that Sir Mehmet Munur (the foundation delegee), Kofünyeli Hasan Hilmi, Ahmet Pertev and Huseyin Cahit gave their enormous support as the inspectors.

1937: Times of Crisis...

The Bank had already undergone times of crisis before due to various reasons. The 1915 crisis was circumvented by borrowing debts from the Ottoman Bank. In 1937, another big crisis erupted and the management was simply in a bad position. But thanks to outstanding efforts by the managers and the huge support to the management the Bank managed to go ahead...

1938: Modern Managers...

While the bank was now a duly formed company, the then bank managers decided to elevate the bank to a status that would meet the public needs as the bank was built on the concept of the “Box”. As a first step, Mr. Ibrahim Orhan was appointed as the manager on the condition he would specialize on banking and was sent to Turkiye Is Bank for a trainee term. Mr. Ibrahim Orhan finished his internship and returned to Cyprus in 1939 after he was certified, and took the helm at the Bank. Mr Ibrahim Orhan kept his office at the bank until his retirement in 1972.

1943: Lefkoşa Türk Bankası Ltd.

A new management concept was introduced for the bank during the management of Mr. Ibrahim, and this way the bank started to develop fast. The name of the bank was changed to Lefkosa Turk Bankasi Ltd from Lefkosa Islam Iddihar Bankasi Ltd in 1943 and its capital was increased to 80,000 Cyprus liras. It started to operate as a full-fledgent commercial bank thanks to its brand new identity, depending on the then applicable conditions of the time.

1949: First Branch, New Ones...

The Bank opened its first branch in Magosa in 1949 in order to give service at every corner of the island. This branch was followed by the branches in Larnaka, Limasol and Baf opened in 1955, 1958 and 1959, respectively. With its numerous highly reputed correspondent banks outside Cyprus and a registered capital raised to 200,000 Cyprus liras, the Bank managed to increase its capacity, power and success every year.

1963: The Biggest Supporter for Cyprus Turks

During the times of terror instigated by EOKA (Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agonisto) in Cyprus since 1953, Lefkosa Turk Bankasi Ltd has assumed many highly significant roles on its own. It helped Turkish Bazaar stand up on its feet after it was torn away from the Greek part. It led the way to an independent Turkish trade industry on the island and helped middle-income people to own houses. This way it proved once more that it is the most reliable financial institution in Cyprus for Cyprus Turks.

1973: New Head Office Building...

In 1973 the Bank’s name was once more changed and the word “Lefkosa” was removed. The Bank’s official name was now “Turk Bankasi Ltd” (“Turkish Bank). That year, a brand new and modern head office building was built next to the one which was in use since 1949 at the down town Nicosia. With expansions in 1980, 1985 and 1990, the head office further grew and now offers its services in a closed surface area of 4,000 square meters. All assets and liabilities of the Bank were converted to Turkish lira and new branches were opened after the Cyprus Peace Operation. The Bank now had a presence in foreign countries and two further branches were opened at Harringay and Elephant&Castle in London.

1982: First move into Turkey...

Turkish Bank opened up its first branch and regional directorate in Istanbul in 1982.

1984: A New Era...

Backed by a very successful career in the banking sector and having worked as London Regional Manager in Turkish Bank in 1979, Mr. Tanju Ozyol was selected as the Board Chairman following the General Assembly meeting in 1984. Thanks to this change-over in the management, the bank’s development further accelerated.

Further developing and growing, Turk Bankasi Ltd opened its second branch in Izmir in Turkey in 1988, followed by Ankara and Mersin branches in 1989, all of which extended the Bank’s service network more in Turkey.

Its head office in Turkey moved to one of the most beautiful buildings in Istanbul in 1990. The building is of Art Nouveau style. Next to its historical features it also boasts an ultra-modern interior design. The same year, the head office in England moved to its own property at Borough District to the south of the City, which the is the finance hub in London.

1985: Support to Culture and Art

Contributing to the cultural life thanks to its large supports to Cyprus Turkish artists, the Bank helped the publication of a magazine called “Culture-Art Magazine” to play a more effective role in that field. Moreover, an “Economic Bulletin” was periodically released for foreigners and correspondent banks.

1991: A Landmark:

In 1991, Türk Bankası Ltd.’s Turkish operations in its foreign branch status were terminated and the Bank continued its operations as TurkishBank A.Ş. (TurkishBank) and similarly its operations in England were taken over by Turkish Bank (UK) Ltd. (Turkish Bank UK), which resulted in the emergenc of two autonomous banks and this way there were now three separate banks: Türk Bankası Ltd., TurkishBank A.Ş. and Turkish Bank (UK) Ltd. Thanks to this functional organization which rendered all banking transactions between Turkey, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and England very advantegous, clients were able to reach very fast, reliable and easy services.

1993: Credit Cards...

TurkishBank started to release MasterCard credit cards in Turkey and Cyprus in 1992. Turk Bank laid down its ATM network in Cyprus in 1993 and started to offer 7/24 Bank card services to its clients.

1995: Increased Number of Branches at home and abroad...

The total number of branches of Turkishbank in Turkey reached 13 with Bakirkoy and Bursa branches opened in 1993 and 1994, respeckively, plus 7 branches more. In 1995, Cyprus Taskinkoy branch of Turk Bank was opened. In England, the third branch said hello in Dalston district where Turkish people were densely populated and working. Meanwhile, Elephant&Castle Branch of Turkish Bank (UK) Ltd moved to the head office building close to London Bridge as a branch was needed under that head office. The same year, the monthy Economic Report magazine was launched so that the developments in economy and banking sector in Turkey would be observed and interpreted through an objective eye.

1996: Saray Sigorta Ltd.

Turk Bankasi which have been offering high-quality and reliable banking services to Cyprus Turkish people for years took a significant step forward in order to better meet the ever-increasing demands of its clients in the industry sector. This insurance line of Turk Bank was incorporated into a company under the name of “Saray Sigorta Ltd” and independently started up its business operationsi in 1996.

1998: Turkish Investment Securities

In 1998 Turkishbank founded Turkish Investment Securities and started to proceed with its equity operations in an autonomous company outside the Bank. Turk Bank Securities Department started up its operations as the agent of Turkish Investment Securities in Cyprus upon the approval by the Capital Markets Board (CMB).

2000: Towards the 100th Year...

Building its presence on the “Banking Only” principle and never compromising that principle, the group moved to the new millennium by rising on its reliable and sound infrastructure, strong background and experience for more than a century and the services that the modern age demands

In line with its modern banking concept, Turk Bankasi built its own POS network in Cyprus and started to offer merchant services for its credit card and debit card holders.

2001: Modern Banking...

In 2001, a year when the Bank celeberated its one-hundredth anniversary, Turkish Bank Group commissioned the Call Center at Turkish Investment Securities as a first step thanks to its emphasis on technological investments. In the second half of the year, the Internet Brokerage feature was commissioned which allowed online trading. The Group’s banks in Turkey, Cyprus and England started to give Internet banking services through their corporate web sites.

Turkish Bank Group has never deviated from its dignified and high-quality path with its service concept which favors “Relationship Banking” in line with the “Prudent Banking” principles and which always places much emphasis on the customer satisfaction.

Turkish Bank Group entered into a contract with Aviva Hayat ve Emeklilik A.S., one of the leading insurance companies in Turkey and the world in 2004 and started up brokerage services for Individual Pension Insurance Policies. The same year, Levent Branch, which is a prestigous point of service for TurkishBank, was opened

2003: Allied Turkish Bank IBU Ltd

In 2003, Allied Turkish Bank IBU Ltd (ATB) was founded within Turkish Bank group. ATB has specialized on yacht credits and provided tailored services for its unique client portfolio.

2005: Art Events

Turkish Bank Group placed much importance on art events in 2005 and organized 8 concerts in total in TRNC and six provinces in Turkey.

TurkishBank opened its first Private Banking branch at Abdi Ipekci Street in 2005. This branch still provides private banking services to its high net worth clients.

Turk Bank started to offer Shop Card credit card for the use of its clients in Cyprus. This card features payment in installments. Thanks to Shop Card, Turk Bank now boasts a product which will be useful for a wide audience.

2006: Ever-expanding Network Branch

Turkishbank Group has ever expanded its service network by opening new branches in all countries where it has a presence in 2006. The number of branches reached 17 in Turkey, 14 in Cyprus, including in Cyprus Nicosia- Bazaar and Karakum and 4 in England including Edmonton branch. Turkish Investment Securities reached a service network at 20 points with the branches opened that year.

2007: Our new system Turkish / T24 is at your service

Temenos/ T24 package, a global one, was also the choice of Turkish Bank Group. This new Banking System (Turkish/ T24) was successfully put in operation successively in all group banks between 2006 and 2008.

2007: Turkish Finansal Kiralama A.Ş. and Turkish Faktoring

In 2007, Turkish Finansal Kiralama A.Ş. and Turkish Faktoring Hizmetleri A.Ş. were both founded as 100% affiliates. This way TurkishBank has moved into new business lines and continued its growth.

Strong Partnership...

National Bank Of Kuwait, one of the biggest banks in Kuwait with a rating A, acquired a 38,10 % shareholding in Turkishbank and thus became a partner to it. Thanks to the partnership with National Bank of Kuwait which operates at an international level, Turkishbank thus added a culture of business partnership with a foreign partner on top of its a century-long past. This way, it reinforced its prestigous stand before both its clients and other players in the market.

Turkish Bank Group maintained its momentum in Turkey with new branches that it opened in 2008 and this way has become a bank with 18 branches under its belt. With Istanbul Corporate Branch opened in 2008, Turkishbank emphasized its importance on Corporate Banking segment.

With ambitious targets in the Consumer Banking field, Turk Bankasi Ltd opened its first Store branch in 2009, thus reaching a total number of 18 branches.

2009: Cashmatik ATM Network

TurkishBank founded its own Cashmatik network in 2009 and the number of ATMs reached 22 in the same year. Cashmatik ATMs have become bore widespread in Turkish bank branches in 2010 and 24 Cashmatik ATMs were commissioned in TRNC. Turk Bankasi installed its first off-branch ATMs in Cyprus. In parallel with the commissioning of Cashmatik ATMs, Maestro Debit Cards were offered for use in Turkey and Cyprus

Turkishbank continued its development at Off-branch Channels by founding a Customer Care Line in 2010.

2011: Non-stop development...

In 2011 Turkish Bank issued a UK Debit Card, allowing its clients to have access to its demand deposit accounts on a 7/24 basis.

In 2011, Turk Bankasi commissioned Customer Care Line in Cyprus. Turkishbank started to give, inter alia, EFT, Money Transfer and credit card payment services through the Customer Care Line with the Coded Telephone Banking service.

Enhancing its product range with the Prepaid Card services, TurkishBank achieved a significant sales performance by reaching a different audience in both Turkey and Cyprus.

In line with the project which foresees a contribution to the enviroment, TurkishBank started to deliver its Economic Report to its readers mostly online.

TurkishBank corporate web site was revised in a way to reflect the new corporate identity.

TurkishBank started up the “NEW BANK” project with its young generation Top Management.

2012: New Products and Services...

Our Prepaid Card service REACHED THE FINALS in the competition of “Prepaid Awards Global 2012” under the category of “Best Global Prepaid Consumer Programme” held in the UK, along with Ukash, Western Union and O2.

TURKISHBANK RETIREMENT SALARY ACCOUNT service, which provides many opportunities for retired SSK (Social Security Institution), Bağ-Kur (Self Employed Institution) and Emekli Sandığı (Pension Fund) members has been launched on January 1, 2012.

TurkishBank added a new product to its line with TURKISHBANK GOLD DEPOSIT ACCOUNT, which provides convenience for those who think there’s an opportunity to gain in GOLD and want to invest their savings in it.

TURKISHBANK MORTGAGE LOANS service was launched for those who want to buy a house like paying rent, with fixed interest rate, variable interest rate, equal or periodic payment plans.

With TURKISHBANK EDUCATION LOANS which offers students a chance to finance their school or university tuition fees as well as foreign language or computer course fees, a great convenience was provided for students to have the education opportunities of their dreams.

3D Secure Internet Payment Protocol which was developed by Visa and MasterCard was introduced to TurkishBank credit cards, debit cards and prepaid cards and a step to safer online shopping was taken.

In order to send passwords to card holders who forget or block their card passwords within or outside of the country, credit card, debit card and prepaid card passwords started to be sent through SMS.

Business CashCard, which is directly jointed to your commercial deposit account and can be used for shopping and withdrawing cash 24/7, offers companies an additional card opportunity for their personnel.

Prepaid card applications are now available from the Customer Service Line and Online Application Channels for customers who want to own a prepaid card without visiting the branches.

Cashcard, which can be used for shopping all over the world and lets you to withdraw money from your account 24/7 from ATMs with a MasterdCard logo, has been redesigned.

In cooperation with SETUR, TurkishTravel service has offered advantageous traveling opportunities to credit card holders from the Customer Service Line.

Customer Service Line service hours was extended and now it serves between the hours 23:00- 08:00 on Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday.

Çiftehavuzlar Transaction Corner has started serving all Bank customers from the Branch location.
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